The first characteristic of a good dry product must be nutritional completeness. To possess this characteristic, a product must contain a minimum quantity of each of the approximately 50 nutrients considered essential for the correct nutrition of dogs and cats. These needs are established by authoritative scientific research centers or well-known expert groups (in Europe the reference goes to FEDIAF’S nutritional guidelines).
The second fundamental characteristic of a good dry product is that it must meet the needs for the specific physiological stage and / or function for which it is intended: during the life of dogs and cats, depending on the size or physiological state (whole or sterilized animal, puppy or adult) nutritional needs change and a good product must adapt to these changes. This presupposes an in-depth study of animal nutrition and a long search to create always appropriate recipes.
The third characteristic, which only a few brands have, is the certification of the nutritional conformity of the recipes by independent scientific bodies: the longterm collaboration between Schesir and the University of Bologna guarantees that an external organ to the company and with relevant scientific skills give its endorsements to our formulas.

Nutritional differences between cats and dogs: the two animals differ primarily in the way they choose food. Dogs choose food primarily with their sense of smell, while cats favor their sense of taste; this is an important aspect to take into account in the choice of ingredients and the shape and size of the kibbles.
Furthermore, the main difference in terms of nutritional needs lies in the protein content of the diet.
Cats in fact, from a genetic and evolutionary point of view, are considered a carnivore in the strict sense and therefore they require a greater amount of protein in their diet.
Dogs instead, being unnecessary carnivores, can satisfy their nutritional needs with diets characterized by a much lower protein content. In addition, the adult cat has a very precise dietary need for taurine and some fatty acids (in particular arachidonic acid, EPA and DHA depending on age) while the adult dog can synthesize both starting from similar molecules.

Nutritional differences between puppy/kitten and adult: puppies ad kittens present nutritional needs that differ from adults since, in addition to the basic maintenance needs (i.e. energy and nutrients that are used to keep all the body’s functions active (such as digestion, blood circulation, maintenance of body temperature, waste disposal etc. …) they also have growth-related needs that are greater in the first few months of life and tend to decrease approaching adulthood. We can compare the adult pet to a car with the engine running at “idle” while the puppy/kitten to a racing car with the engine often at maximum. The comparison helps you understand how the puppy/kitten needs to be fed with a more sophisticated “petrol” (in our case a richer and more digestible food) than an adult. In fact, puppy/kitten food is characterized by having a higher energy content (more fat), higher protein intake and higher nutritional value (i.e. richer in amino acids which are the building blocks that the body uses during growth). To this we must add greater needs in calcium, phosphorus, and other minerals (for bone growth), and Omega3 fatty acids, which are essential for the correct development of the nervous system and the eye.

Nutritional differences between large and small dogs: the first thing you must take care of in the production of a dry food for dogs of different sizes is the size, taste, and structure of the kibble.
For the small-sized dog, the kibble, in addition to being correctly sized, must be crispy but not too hard to prevent the animal, especially the youngest ones, from making too much effort in chewing it. It must also be highly palatable as the small dog is extremely demanding.
For the large dog, being usually a voracious consumer, you must use a kibble large enough for him to allow him
to chew with satisfaction.
At an energetic level of the portion, the small dog, due to its active character, has higher needs (per kg of weight) than the large dog.
To the latter it is always good to administer concentrated diets in terms of energy but with lower daily doses to reduce the risk of stomach torsion and to facilitate the digestive process.

Nutritional differences between adult and neutered cats: the different nutritional needs of the neutered cat arise precisely from the metabolic changes that sterilization entails.
In cats, sterilization is associated with an increase in the risk of obesity equal to 3.4 times higher than in whole cats, due largely to an increase in the concentrations of some hormones involved in fat metabolism and in the regulation of metabolism itself.
Furthermore, they show a marked drop in energy needs of 28% and 33% less in males and females, respectively.
For this reason, sterilized cat food usually contains more protein and less fat (to reduce the caloric content of the food itself) and a greater amount of fiber to increase the sense of satiety.
Of course, the cat owner role is essential to keep his cat in shape by administering the food in the correct daily doses. Otherwise, even a specific food served at will or at the request of the animal is not able to prevent overweight in the sterilized cat.

First, all the ingredients are carefully weighed to be sure that they enter the recipe in the right doses (this is important to ensure the nutritional adequacy of the product).
Then the raw materials are mixed evenly and then finely ground (the finer the mixture, the more digestible the product is.).
The ground mixture is then extruded through a machine which, thanks to the addition of water, steam and a worm screw pushes the mixture through holes which give the kibble the desired shape and thickness.
At this point, the kibble is dried in the oven (to obtain a humidity that allows it to be kept at room temperature even for long periods without molding), covered with fat and hydrolyzed proteins (to enhance the flavor) and then cooled to allow packaging.

The range offers two nutritional philosophies: No Grain FORMULA and Single Whole Animal Protein FORMULA.
Single Whole Animal Protein FORMULA products are suitable for animals which are thought to be susceptible to sensitivity.
The term Single Whole Animal Protein FORMULA indicates that each of these recipes is formulated with a single source of animal protein.
It is good to note that the wording “Monoprotein” is not exactly correct as the term would indicate the presence of a single source of protein in the product but this is not possible since also the vegetable ingredients bring proteins, even if in minimal quantities.
We therefore preferred to be more fair to consumers by specifying that the source of animal protein comes from only one species.
In the Single Whole Animal Protein FORMULA range we use the following protein sources: tuna and lamb in dog recipes; beef, duck and tuna in cat recipes.

The range offers two nutritional philosophies. No Grain FORMULA and Single Whole Animal Protein FORMULA.
The recipes “No Grain FORMULA” are formulated without cereals and gluten. It should also be noted that, starches from legumes and tapioca (when compared with those of cereals and other tubers) have a lower glycemic index.
This means that, once transformed into sugars during the digestive process, their absorption is slower than other sources of starches and therefore, at a metabolic level, the risk of being overweight is reduced.
It should be noted that the wording “No Grain FORMULA” indicates that the formulation does not include cereals, while the only “Grain Free” (or “No Grain”) one presupposes the absolute absence of traces of contamination from residues of cereals present in the production line.
Obviously this second hypothesis would be passable only in a plant that does not use cereals at all but the vast majority of the plants that produce pet food use them.
In the No Grain FORMULA range we use the following protein sources: turkey and beef in dogs; turkey and chicken in the cat.

Our philosophy on the “special” ingredients of the Natural selection range is linked to three fundamental points: SPECIFIC, NATURAL AND FUNCTIONAL.
SPECIFIC: Each natural ingredient has a specific and targeted function, specially designed for the age / lifestyle / size of the animal. We do not use a generic beneficial ingredient: we select it based on the type of animal to which the product is addressed.
NATURAL: The benefits can be obtained through synthetic or natural ingredients. The specific advantages of Schesir products have been obtained using natural ingredients.
FUNCTIONAL: Many natural ingredients have known health properties and there are many scientific publications on them relating to the benefits for dogs and cats.
Schesir, also thanks to its scientific-nutritional collaborations, has included a selection of the most effective ingredients in the new Natural Selection recipes.

Dog range
The basic functional ingredient chosen for dog recipes is apple fiber, of excellent quality and very important for the maintenance of good intestinal functioning.
The functional ingredients used in the various product segments are:
– PUPPY: royal jelly and nucleotides mix. Royal jelly together with nucleotides (products extracted from yeast) support the proper functioning of the immune system, very important for healthy growth.
– ADULT SMALL E TOY: dry extract of Yucca schidigera, which is effective in reducing odors and is a much sought after plus for a type of dog that lives in close contact with the owner.
– ADULT MEDIUM-MAXI: dry extract of Devil’s Claw, which supports good joint function.

Cat range
The basic functional ingredient chosen for cat recipes is the dry extract of blueberry, which supports the proper functioning of the urinary system, a very important aspect in cats of all ages. The functional ingredients used in the various product segments are:
– KITTEN: royal jelly and nucleotides mix. Royal jelly together with nucleotides (products extracted from yeast) support the proper functioning of the immune system, very important for healthy growth.
– ADULT: dried single-cell algae, natural source of Omega3 which support the well-being and beauty of the skin and fur.
– STERILIZED: pea fiber, useful to help maintain a healthy weight in animals that tend to be overweight.

In nutrition we do not speak of high or low values but of ADEQUATE nutritional values.
Nutritional adequacy refers to the compliance or otherwise of a recipe with respect to the nutritional needs of the dog / cat for which the food is intended.
These needs are established by authoritative scientific research centers approved by the European Parliament (in Europe the reference goes to FEDIAF’S nutritional guidelines).
Speaking of the protein value of a food, the higher the quality of the proteins used, the less they are needed, in percentage, to meet specific needs.
Therefore, a food may contain a lower dehydrated meat content because it uses more qualitative ingredients and vice versa.
About Schesir Natural Selection, 4 points should be reiterated in this regard:
1. animal proteins are always the first ingredient
2. the nutritional adequacy of each recipe is certified by the University of Bologna (external and independent body)
3. we do not use concentrated vegetable proteins (gluten, potato proteins etc. …)
Furthermore, an excess protein in the diet, if not in cases of particular needs (growth, deterioration, recovery of shape …), can also be harmful because the excess of ingested nitrogen must be disposed of (increasing the work of the liver and kidneys) or it could remain in the body in the form of indigestible material (with stools not well formed or very odorous and flatulence).

Mixed dry – wet feeding is a very common practice among cat and dog owners as the wet is often used to help the consumption of the dry ration when the animal is most lacking in appetite (hot season, change of product, gastro-enteric disorders … etc.).
We suggest how to properly mix the wet and dry food to avoid nutritional deficiencies or excesses. In general, the energy content of a wet food is about 1/4 of a dry one.
So, with 100g of wet food you can replace 25g of dry food.
Start with the correct dosage of dry food and, depending on how much wet food you want to add to the mix, remove the corresponding fourth part (by weight) of dry food.

In the new range we have chosen to implement one of the fundamental parts of Schesir’s DNA: respect for the environment and for the nature that surrounds us.
We did this by creating with Natural Selection an entirely recyclable line, both for wet and dry products.
This means that the bags that we have made for our dry range are in a 100% recyclable material, unlike almost all the bags on the market that have an internal layer in aluminum and must therefore be disposed of in the unsorted waste collection.
We have the certificate that documents the recyclability of Schesir Natural Selection Dry packaging, received from the bag supplier.
Also for the wet line, in addition, we have chosen to orient ourselves on the cans, made of recyclable material.

RECIPES RICH IN MEAT: each recipe contains at least 62% of meats, essential both to complete the product from a nutritional point of view and to guarantee unrivaled taste
COMPLETE RECIPES: in addition to meat, the recipes also contain various organs (liver, heart, kidneys, spleen, lungs …) which, in addition to making the product more palatable, have been selected to provide vitamins, minerals and other nutrients to naturally make the food complete by minimizing the integration of vitamins and trace elements.
Recipes NO GRAIN FORMULA: the new Schesir Natural Selection recipes do not contain cereals to feed the dog as nature teaches.
Recipes SINGLE WHOLE ANIMAL PROTEIN FORMULA: Schesir Natural Selection is also available in the version with single animal protein. This characteristic, combined with the complete absence of preservatives and artificial dyes added, makes this formulation particularly suitable for animals that are thought to be susceptible to particular gastroenteric sensitivity.
FRUIT: all Schesir Natural Selection wet recipes are enriched with fruit (apples, blueberries, blackberries, currants) which, in addition to being an excellent source of essential fibers for the proper functioning of the intestine, is naturally rich in natural antioxidants, substances useful for the well-being of our dogs.

When changing food, to avoid unwanted reactions from the animal, it is good to do it slowly and progressively starting from 3 parts of old food mixed with 1 part of the new the first 3 days; then 2 parts of old + 2 parts of the new again for 3 days; and finally 1 part old + 3 parts new for the last 3 days.
This procedure is recommended not only if you change the brand of food, but also for drastic changes of diet (for example from wet to dry).

Yes, Dry Schesir is produced in Italy: this is also one of the claims that appear on the product packaging: the Italian flag on the top left.

Processed / hydrolyzed animal proteins / flour: source of essential amino acids for the construction / maintenance of tissues and for the normal functioning of all biological processes in the body.
Yeast: source of high biological value proteins and B vitamins, whose purpose is to support the body’s metabolism.
Tapioca: tuber source of starch, with a lower glycemic index than that of other cereals. Its starch, once transformed during the digestive process, is absorbed more slowly reducing the risk of being overweight.
Potato flakes: useful for providing other proteins, amino acids, and energy.
Peas / field bean / chard pulp: source of proteins of good biological value fibers useful for normal intestinal functioning thanks to their ability to “nourish” the cells and improve their absorption capacity of other nutrients.
Cellulose: rich in vegetable fibers, it regulates the intestinal transit and helps to form compact stools
Salmon oil: natural source of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin D3 useful for hair and skin beauty, strong bones, and teeth.
Whole flax seeds: natural source of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids useful for the proper functioning of the immune system; contribute to maintaining the correct ratio between omega6 / omega 3.
Rice/Brown Rice: Rice is the most easily digestible cereal for dogs and cats and does not contain gluten sources. In addition, its Whole form provides fiber useful for the proper functioning of the intestine, useful for a delicate phase such as growth.
Minerals: micronutrients essential for carrying out the biochemical and homeostasis processes of the body.

In Dry products no preservatives/dyes are added. The kibbles are preserved thanks to the high temperature extrusion, which reduces the microbial load, and drying that eliminates excess moisture and allows to have a commercial life of up to 18 months.

Aware that our nutritional philosophy is a winner, we try to adapt the formula to the different sizes.
This means that, although the ingredients may be the same, their quantity varies according to the size of the animal.
This means that we would have different analytical values, which means, for example, a different percentage of protein, energy value and, more generally, nutrients.

For recipes where there is no rice, the energy source is tapioca, which we preferred as a source of starch to corn (which is a cereal) or potato, because it is very digestible and has a low glycemic index when compared to that of other tubers or cereals.

The range dedicated to Puppies and Kitten includes No Grain formulations and other No Gluten formulations.
We have chosen not to make Single Whole Animal Protein formulas because, in the case of puppies, inserting two or more proteins guarantees us greater nutritional completeness, a theme particularly important for their harmonious development.
Given that both No Grain and No Gluten formulations are nutritionally valid, in case of No Gluten recipe the presence of brown rice allows you to obtain a very digestible food without, in fact, gluten sources.
In fact, rice is the most easily digestible cereal for dogs and cats (as well as for our children, it is no coincidence that rice flour is used a lot for weaning meals) and does not contain sources of gluten. In addition, its whole form provides fiber useful for the proper functioning of the intestine, useful for delicate phases such as those of growth.

For the moment in our line there are no real products for sterilized dogs (with kcal lower than normal maintenance).
For dogs that have only a few short daily walks and struggle to maintain a healthy weight, we can recommend the No Grain recipes.
They are formulated to provide more proteins and with reduced starch content, coming from legumes and tapioca, which have a lower glycemic index.
This means that, once transformed during the digestive process, their absorption is slower (compared to that of cereal starches): this reduces the risk of being overweight.

Formulating a complete and balanced diet for your pet is quite complicated: you need to know how to choose the best quality ingredients, know the nutrient content of each one, calculate the right quantities to get the right amount of nutrients, all according to the nutritional needs of the pet.
It would then be necessary to cook properly, to make every nutritional principle digestible and assimilable and add the right amount of mineral vitamin supplement.
Only those who have adequate knowledge on the subject and a lot of time to devote to this activity can do so, always under the supervision of the nutritionist veterinarian.
To avoid providing the pet with an incomplete and unbalanced diet, risking running into various problems related to both excess and lack of nutrients, it is recommended to provide him with a food specifically designed and prepared for him, ready for use.